Import and Export Regulations: Wooden Packaging

Wood packaging is the most widely used packaging material in international trade, but it is also a major carrier for the cross-border spread of harmful forest pests, such as pine wood nematode, long-horned beetle, termite, wood borer, wood wasp, weevil, and powder post beetle. When goods are imported or exported, customs will require inspecting and checking for the IPPC mark.

 

So, what is wood packaging? What is the function of the IPPC mark? What are the specific regulations of the customs? Let’s take a look together.

 

1. What is wood packaging?

 

It refers to wood materials used for carrying, packaging, cushioning, supporting, and reinforcing goods, such as wooden crates, pallets, wooden frames, wooden barrels, wooden axles, wooden wedges, wooden blocks, sleepers, liners, etc.

 

2. Declaration requirements for wood packaging

 

According to the “Specification for the Declaration of Wood Packaging for Import and Export Goods”, if imported goods are packed in wooden packaging, the consignor or his agent shall report to the customs for inspection; before the wooden packaging is exported, the enterprise using wooden packaging shall entrust the identified enterprise for quarantine treatment or purchase from it, and the identified enterprise shall declare to the customs before implementing the quarantine treatment of the wooden packaging.

 

3. What is IPPC?

 

IPPC stands for the International Plant Protection Convention. If the wood packaging has the IPPC mark, it has been treated for pest control per the international convention and indicators and is qualified and free from harmful organisms.

 

Wood packaging

 

Example: CN represents China (two-letter country code) 00000 is the approved processing enterprise number of the customs; represented by a 2-digit customs code + 3-digit serial number. YY represents the four pest control methods for wood packaging specified: HT represents (steam or kiln-dried) heat treatment, DH represents dielectric heating treatment, MB represents methyl bromide fumigation treatment, and SF represents sulfuryl fluoride fumigation treatment.

 

4. Which packaging needs to have the IPPC mark applied?

 

Some production processes have met the conditions for pest control treatment and no longer need to be specifically treated. For example, wooden boxes and wooden pallets made entirely of plywood, particleboard, fiberboard, or other engineered wood boards; or made entirely of thin boards (including particleboard, wood shavings, etc.) less than 6mm thick; or wooden packaging that has been treated during the production process, such as wine barrels and wooden gift boxes.

 

wood packaging

Plywood Box

 

particle board pallet

 

fiberboard pallet

 

Except for those listed above, any wooden packaging containing solid wood components must undergo pest control treatment according to regulations and be marked with the standard IPPC label. For example, the following wooden packaging:

 

natural wood pallet

 

wood packaging

Solid wood cases

 

Import and export enterprises should accurately define the scope of wooden packaging. At the same time, they should pay close attention to the relevant regulations on wooden packaging in the destination country, and carry out corresponding treatments according to the requirements to avoid losses.

 

5. What are the customs requirements for the import and export of wooden packaging?

 

A.Export Wooden Packaging Management Regulations

 

1. How do customs inspect export wooden packaging?

 

Customs conducts random inspections and quarantine on wooden packaging used for export goods. It will not be allowed to leave the country if it does not meet the requirements.

 

2. How to apply IPPC marks on wooden packaging for export goods?

 

Only enterprises with customs permission can apply IPPC marks on wooden packaging for export goods.

 

3. How can wooden packaging use enterprises obtain a qualification certificate?

 

Enterprises using wooden packaging can purchase qualified wooden packaging from an authorized IPPC mark application enterprise and require the mark application enterprise to provide a qualified certificate for the decontamination treatment of wooden packaging for export goods.

 

wood packaging

Customs officers are inspecting the wooden packaging of the goods

 

B.Regulations on the Management of Imported Wood Packaging

 

With IPPC Special Marking: if no live harmful organisms are found during the inspection and quarantine according to regulations, they will be immediately released; if live harmful organisms are found, the consignor or its agent shall be supervised to carry out pest control treatment on the wood packaging.
Without IPPC Special Marking: Under the supervision of customs, it without IPPC special marking shall undergo pest control treatment or be disposed of.

 

With Uncertain IPPC Special Marking: For wood packaging where it cannot be determined whether IPPC special marking has been applied at the time of inspection and quarantine, the customs shall conduct spot checks in accordance with regulations. If it is confirmed during spot checks that the wood packaging has been applied with IPPC special marking and no live harmful organisms are found, it will be released; if live harmful organisms are found, the consignor or its agent shall be supervised to carry out pest control treatment on the wood packaging; if it is found during spot checks that the wood packaging has not been applied with IPPC special marking, it shall undergo pest control treatment or be disposed of.

 

For Wood Packaging not Declared: That has not been declared but is found during spot checks, it shall be handled in accordance with relevant regulations and shall be subject to administrative penalties in accordance with relevant regulations.

 

For Serious Violations of Wood Packaging: With the approval of the General Administration of Customs, the consignor or its agent shall be supervised to send it together with the goods back for return.

 

wood packaging

Customs officer disposing of non-compliant wooden packaging

 

C. Discovery of Pests in Imported Wood Packaging In accordance with Article 8 of the “Management Measures for Quarantine Supervision of Wood Packaging for Imported Goods”, if there are signs of insect damage on wooden packaging, the customs department shall open and inspect it; if there are suspected symptoms of the disease such as pine wilt nematode, samples shall be taken and sent to the laboratory for testing.

 

wood packaging

The Customs officer is sampling the wooden packaging of the goods

 

6. Common pests carried by wooden packaging

 

The common pests that are easily carried by wooden packaging are the pine wood nematode and the long-horned beetle. The pine wood nematode belongs to the phylum Nematoda, order Aphelenchida, family Aphelenchidae, genus Bursaphelenchus, and can transmit pine wilt disease, also known as pine wilting disease, which is a devastating insect pest. The long-horned beetle, also known as the slender long-horned beetle, is a boring insect pest that can seriously damage wood, bamboo, and their products , and is commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions.

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